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Basic Animal Anatomy by Majnouna Basic Animal Anatomy by Majnouna
Full tutorial list: [link]

*I have run into a tutorial on dA that copy-pasted a part of the tutorial above without my authorization. So as much as I hate doing this: NO PART OF THIS TUTORIAL MAY BE REPRODUCED. I will NOT allow it even if you ask and/or credit me. Any piece I find that reuses parts of my work will be taken down. If anyone runs into such a piece I'll be grateful if you inform me of the rip. Thank you. *

Faced with the mindboggling task of explaining how to draw animals, I decided a progressive approach. This is a base tutorial focusing on the bone and muscle structure of some of the most commonly drawn animals. I present them in such a way as to make comparison easier, as I believe that once you understand the general idea of the anatomy it is relatively easy to adapt it to all vertebrates. You'll probably find it helpful to take a look at my tutorial on human anatomy first [link] as this one tends to assume that you read that one first.
It will be followed by a series of species-specific tutorials that will fill in all the details I don't show here: details of head and body, movement, youngs, birds, reptiles... If you can think of anything that would be useful to include in those, let me know so I can try to include it.
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:iconsashimi18:
Sashimi18 Featured By Owner Mar 15, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Your tutorials are very helpful! Thanks for posting them :D (Big Grin)  Meow :3 
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Mar 15, 2015  Professional General Artist
You're welcome!
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:iconbdtite1919:
BDTite1919 Featured By Owner Feb 10, 2015  Student General Artist
Thanks.
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Feb 27, 2015  Professional General Artist
Welcome!
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:icongerbsterpers:
Gerbsterpers Featured By Owner Jan 18, 2015  New member Hobbyist General Artist
Thanks for the reference-great work
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Jan 18, 2015  Professional General Artist
Welcome!
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:iconbridgypsum:
BridGypsum Featured By Owner Nov 1, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Cheers for this informative, fascinating tutorial!
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Jan 16, 2015  Professional General Artist
Welcome!
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:icononcestfluttershy:
OncestFluttershy Featured By Owner Aug 15, 2014  Student General Artist
Wow, amazing tutorial!
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Aug 16, 2014  Professional General Artist
Thanks :D
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:iconkenziep:
kenziep Featured By Owner Jul 23, 2014  Student General Artist
THANK YOU SO MUCH!!
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Jul 24, 2014  Professional General Artist
Welcome!
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:iconkenziep:
kenziep Featured By Owner Jul 24, 2014  Student General Artist
Thank you!
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:iconbluedis:
bluedis Featured By Owner Mar 11, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
thanks this will help me draw better x3
<3
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Mar 12, 2014  Professional General Artist
Good to hear!
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:iconaerodynamicbear:
aerodynamicbear Featured By Owner Jan 17, 2014
amazing tutorials thanks <3
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Jan 20, 2014  Professional General Artist
Welcome!
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:iconiao-kamirru:
Iao-Kamirru Featured By Owner Dec 7, 2013  Hobbyist Writer
My goodness, this is absolutely fantastic, and being a vet student trying to explain the same ideas to people who draw animals, I can't not appreciate the beauty in a good animal anatomy tutorial. Truly amazing work, especially with the comparison of different species that includes how similar they actually are. I applaud you.
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Dec 8, 2013  Professional General Artist
That's awesome, thank you :)
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:iconplushie0hkushimaze:
Plushie0hKushimaze Featured By Owner Nov 24, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Good. This is helpful, thanks
(Plushie0hKushiemaze)
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Nov 25, 2013  Professional General Artist
Welcome!
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:iconplushie0hkushimaze:
Plushie0hKushimaze Featured By Owner Dec 30, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Rock on dude
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:iconplushie0hkushimaze:
Plushie0hKushimaze Featured By Owner Nov 24, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
oops i wrote this beforeI logged in and when I did it posted the comment!Sweating a little... 
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:iconyumezaka:
Yumezaka Featured By Owner Oct 23, 2013  Professional Filmographer
Wonderful!! Thanks for sharing.
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:iconglortor:
GLoRToR Featured By Owner Sep 26, 2013   General Artist
It shows how much detail and work goes into all of your tutorials, you are truly an amazing knower of forms and structure! Thank you.
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Sep 27, 2013  Professional General Artist
Welcome!
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:iconfengfuxi26:
FengFuXi26 Featured By Owner Sep 16, 2013  Student General Artist
What about young versions of the animals shown here, i.e. cubs, pups, etc.?
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Sep 17, 2013  Professional General Artist
At what stage of development? Young'uns grow and change constantly.
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:iconfengfuxi26:
FengFuXi26 Featured By Owner Sep 17, 2013  Student General Artist
maybe just after they've become independent (eyes and ears open, walking on their own, venturing outside the birthing den, etc.)
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Sep 17, 2013  Professional General Artist
The point is, there's no point.
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:iconyokonakajima:
YokoNakajima Featured By Owner Aug 29, 2013  Student
how would you draw the bottom animals from different angles? Like the front or quarters?
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Aug 29, 2013  Professional General Artist
I can't answer that without drawing it, can I. So it's for another tutorial (eventually).
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:icondevimu:
devimu Featured By Owner Jul 22, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
you are my savior
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Jul 24, 2013  Professional General Artist
:)
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:icon5ynth3tic:
5ynth3tic Featured By Owner Jul 14, 2013   Traditional Artist
Very helpful!
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Jul 15, 2013  Professional General Artist
Great!
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:icondysfunctional-h0rr0r:
Dysfunctional-H0rr0r Featured By Owner Jul 13, 2013  Student General Artist
Very helpful in my sketch i'm creating right now ^^
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Jul 15, 2013  Professional General Artist
Cool ^^
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:iconmoon-flower4022:
Moon-Flower4022 Featured By Owner Jul 2, 2013  Student Traditional Artist
Wow. These are really helpful. Thank you!
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Jul 2, 2013  Professional General Artist
Welcome!
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:iconranivius:
Ranivius Featured By Owner May 24, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
This is extremely helpful. It's like an ultimate anatomy set. For me this is like a treasure! Thank you very much for making and sharing this!!
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner May 26, 2013  Professional General Artist
Enjoy :)
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:iconclampfan101:
clampfan101 Featured By Owner May 20, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Horses! Very useful! :D :iconeponaplz:
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner May 24, 2013  Professional General Artist
Good to hear!
Reply
:iconkailavmp:
kailavmp Featured By Owner Apr 27, 2013
Hello!

I don't mean to be offensive in any way, it is the exact opposite- your tutorials are very valuable resource and I have learned a lot from them; and I want to make you a favor as a thanks for making them by correcting some technical mistakes.

Although I understand this is meant to be extremely simplified anatomy, some muscles you have named here are incorrect. This is what my comment is gonna be about. Specifically, orange "olecranon" is, in fact, pectoral muscle. Real olecranon is part of ulna, it is on thoracic limb and forms elbow. On this limb also, I am not sure all of your "extensors" are extensors. The most caudal (closest to tail) seems to be flexor in most of your schemes. (Quick hint- extensors are on cranial and lateral side, flexors lie more caudally and medially.) Pink/purplish muscle defined as "sartorius" is not sartorius in most of animals here- in most of animals you have m. tensor facsiae latae defined as sartorius, whereas real sartorius lies on the medial side of the limb and can not be visible from the angle animal is drawn. On pelvic limb, there is no muscle known as "calf"-correct terms are gastrocnemii mucles and superficial flexor in place that is coloured as calf. And "sternomastoideus" muscle is a bit questionable as well- depending on the animal it may be sternomastoideus, sternomandibularis, sternooccipitalis or even combination of them. Better term may be m. sternocephalicus, which is more general term (meaning "muscle that goes from sternum to head" rather that "to certain part of skull") used for these muscles and their interspecies difference.

Again, please don't take this as an offense of any kind, I just want to show my appreciation for these tutorial by helping to make them even better.

Have a nice day~
kaila
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Apr 30, 2013  Professional General Artist
Hi, I appreciate it, actually :) My only concern is that it gets way too technical for artists, who after all only need to know them by sight, and the names only as support. Is there no more vernacular terminology that would be easier to digest for common mortals?
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:iconkailavmp:
kailavmp Featured By Owner Apr 30, 2013
Yay! When I write stuff like that, people tend to get offended. :/ I had to look up the "vernacular" word, and, well.. I don't really know if there is something like that, but this what you have here is pretty much the simplest thing that can be. For example, Brachiocephalicus should be properly named by mentioning its parts: pars cleidobrachialis, pars cleidooccipitalis/cleidomastoideus/cleidocervicalis (depending on where on the skull the part going upwards from clavicula rudiment connects the skull). And there in one deep and two superficial pectorals, which should never be named simply "pectoral" in anatomic nomenclature.... Yeah, I think you have done excellent job in simplyfying stuff here and you already have it in simplest possible form. If you want to make it clearer/simpler to people, I think the only way left is to translate/ explain latin words :D

Sooo my suggestion, if you ever wanted to rework the names in file, is to redo just these (with more detailed explanation why in my first comment):
sternomastoideus -> sternocephalicus
olecranon -> pectoral / pectorals ?
last extensor -> flexor
calf -> triceps surae (actually legit and most simple name for set of "calf" muscles)
sartorius -> sartorius or tensor fasciae latae depending on animal
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Apr 30, 2013  Professional General Artist
Ah, thanks, that helps. Don't know if I'll be editing it soon because I can't give the tutorials any attention at the moment, but I'm saving these for later :D
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:iconkailavmp:
kailavmp Featured By Owner Apr 30, 2013
Of course, of course, that is totally okay~ Keep up the good work and have a nice day~ :)
Reply
:icontheanimallover246:
theanimallover246 Featured By Owner Feb 20, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
this has helped me so much thank you do much! <3
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