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Guide to Human Types part 2 by Majnouna Guide to Human Types part 2 by Majnouna
Get all of my human anatomy tutorials in one convenient book or e-book!
Part 1: [link]
Part 3: [link]
Catalogue of human features: [link]
Full tutorial list: [link]


Please read the chart's introduction carefully before asking any questions. IMPORTANT: Mixed types (such as Latinos) are not covered in these guides, SO DON'T ASK. The book version DOES include a discussion of the major mixed types, just to help you get on the right track. The book also has North Chinese as an extra type, and quite a few correction and extra details.

Sorry but I no longer take corrections on these tutorials so please don't bother. I can't accept any correction without cross-checking it with reliable sources, and as this was made in 2006, I no longer have the time or incentive to do that.


SOURCES:
I get frequently asked for the sources I used to gather this research. The nature of the internet is such that every time I have looked up my sources list since I made this guide, 7+ years ago, some of them have disappeared from the 'net, until the list was reduced to a single still functioning link. So I had better explain how it came together. Obviously, there is no one book presenting all this info, or I wouldn't have had to make the guide in the first place. The research was based on hundreds of small sources both off and online (in some cases from direct observation and asking tribespeople how they could tell other tribes apart), most focusing on just one type, or the difference between two types, or even just the beauty standards in one culture or the average height of the inhabitants of a country in the past decade, making it quite useless to list them. Some books I found online, such as The Racial Elements of European History (Hans F. K. Gūnther) and The Races of Europe (Carleton Stevens Coon) provided a framework for more in-depth research and cross-checking, and there was a specialized anthropological forum, DODONA: Human Biodiversity Discussion Forum, now defunct, that contained treasures of articles and photos, as well as frightfully knowledgeable people to whom I could ask direct questions. Sorry therefore that I can't provide a bibliography; the last remaining link of my list that is still active is this one: [link] .
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Daily Deviation

Given 2007-03-25
Guide to Human Types part 2 by `Cedarseed is a fantastic reference guide for any serious artist who wishes to refine their craft! Print this one off and hang it by your drawing table! ( Featured by lolly )
:icongirl66:
Girl66 Featured By Owner Apr 23, 2015
This is very interesting! Thank you very match!
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Apr 26, 2015  Professional General Artist
Welcome!
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:iconlmcneil5577:
Lmcneil5577 Featured By Owner Edited Mar 24, 2015  New Deviant
I'm a little confused. You mention that the Yemeni Arab is the historic, while Gulf Arab is the modern. But the Gulf Arab possesses African features. But it seems quite the opposite whenever I look it up. Yemeni Arabs seems darker with more African facial features (Known as "Proto-Arabid" by Humanphenotypes), while when I think of Arabs today, I think of Gulf Arabs from Saudi Arabia for example, and they have more Caucasian features. Was that a typo, or...
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Mar 24, 2015  Professional General Artist
Nope, no typo.
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:iconlmcneil5577:
Lmcneil5577 Featured By Owner Edited Mar 24, 2015  New Deviant
So this one of the Gulf Arab?

www.arabianoilandgas.com/pictu…

... Which is the modern one.

And this is the original?

joshuaproject.net/assets/media…

I see how the Gulf Arabs look more African now. But I wonder; why do they have lighter skin?
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:iconnicolebreadroll:
NicoleBreadroll Featured By Owner Jan 27, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
People are so beautiful.
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Jan 28, 2015  Professional General Artist
YES!! Exactly :)
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:iconnicolebreadroll:
NicoleBreadroll Featured By Owner Feb 1, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
If more people knew the intricacies of the body types of different cultures, maybe there would be less self-loathing and segregation. If only...
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Feb 2, 2015  Professional General Artist
Yes quite, pity this kind of stuff is taboo in places where they need it the most.
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:iconblacknightinggale:
BlackNightingGale Featured By Owner Dec 8, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
I'm curious if there was no inclusion of body/facial types of the different Jewish background (such as Ashkenazi or Sefardic). I might just be missing it. Or do you recall at all if there wasn't really any one type of body/facial type that seemed predominant for us? I'm more curious than anything else. This is very in-depth work, very cool. (I also did not know for the longest time that Lapps were related to Saami at all. My grandpa was allowed to live with the Lapps, my folks told me. Learn something new every day!)
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Dec 11, 2014  Professional General Artist
It's best to look at the closest related ethnotype, for instance, as far as I know, Sephardic Jews (if the term is taken ethnically) are not physically distinct from the Iberian or North African populations they originate from. I'm wary of classifying (or appearing to classify) religious groups as ethnic groups, especially because the only sources I found that did so, did for the worst possible reasons.
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:iconblacknightinggale:
BlackNightingGale Featured By Owner Dec 16, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
I can understand that from an anatomy stance, I suppose. Although I feel the need to point out that Jewish people are not just a religion, we're also an ethnic group and have been one for a long, long time. (To the point where we have our own genes that increase our risk for specific diseases that almost nobody outside of our group has. My dad had to get tested, actually.) However, with Jewish people being nomadic, I imagine that would make it more complicated.

I was more curious because I personally am half Ashkenazi Jewish, 3/8 Swedish, and 1/8 Finn. (Or is it Finnish? I always said it wrong as a kid.) I have pale skin, freckles, and dark hair, so people often assume I'm Irish because my first name is of Irish origin. However, I mentioned that once to a work friend who had lived around the world growing up and she immediately insisted I didn't look remotely Irish; she maintained that I had distinctly Eastern European facial features. (I pointed out that most people aren't as good at noticing that, apparently.) So I was wondering because of that sort of thing, was all.
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:iconx-dragonsoul-x:
x-DragonSoul-x Featured By Owner Nov 28, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
These guides are amazing! Better than any guide I could have asked for: I mean, you even have it down to the likely areas of body hair by ethnic type, where else in the world would I find that!? I commend the mountains of research you must have put into this. As a student of anthropology I am highly attuned to the broad range of forms human beings can take, not all of which are accurately represented in modern artwork. This will be exceedingly helpful when I design characters for my comics. I am most interested in doing multi-ethnic stories, so I can't thank you enough for your wonderful guides! Keep up the fantastic work! 
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:iconwrenofthecookes:
WrenoftheCookes Featured By Owner Oct 10, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Quick question, because I didn't see it on the guide--does anyone know which of these a Dane would fall under? Is Denmark in Scandinavia?
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Oct 11, 2014  Professional General Artist
Yes.
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:iconwrenofthecookes:
WrenoftheCookes Featured By Owner Oct 14, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Thank you so much!
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:iconwrenofthecookes:
WrenoftheCookes Featured By Owner Sep 10, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
this is pretty d*mn amazing.
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Jan 16, 2015  Professional General Artist
:D
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:icondisgruntledrainbow:
DisgruntledRainbow Featured By Owner Aug 25, 2014  Student Filmographer
why is egyptian separate from the africa group????
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:iconlmcneil5577:
Lmcneil5577 Featured By Owner Mar 24, 2015  New Deviant
The "Egyptian" type is referring to Northern Egyptians. Which were basically of Semitic ancestry. The Southern Egyptian is considered a part of the "African" group. Because they were mostly either Sudanid or Nilotic. Whichever one, they were mixed with an African type. Greek scholars would refer to Upper Egypt (Southern Egypt) as "Aethiopia" (Land of the Black Face), while Lower Egypt was not considered a part of that. And apparently Coptics are the best representative of how Northern Egyptians looked. That's why they aren't in the "African" group. In this guide, is appears "African, Asian, and Caucasian" are just used as placeholders for the historical terms "Negroid, Mongoloid, and Caucasoid", which have fallen out of technical use (For good reason in my opinion).
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:icondisgruntledrainbow:
DisgruntledRainbow Featured By Owner Apr 16, 2015  Student Filmographer
egypt is in africa. every other country belonged with its continent. i'm pointing it out because westerners have a fondness of grouping egypt separately from the rest of africa, as if the country stands alone.
and sorry but your explanation doesn't cut it for me. obviously the sketches are generalized in the first place, but you should acknowledge the separatism that occurs so often with egypt, as if to say that egyptians were not actually african. like what??? if it's based off of something ancient, semitic or not, they were AFRICAN. so swerve
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:iconlmcneil5577:
Lmcneil5577 Featured By Owner Apr 19, 2015  New Deviant
They are indeed African. But once again, this person is just using the terms "African", "Caucasian", and "Asian" as placeholder terms for "Caucasoid", "Negroid", and "Mongoloid." Native Americans certainly aren't Asian, but this guide also puts them in that ground. The same with Oceanians being far from Africans, but still being classified under this group.
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:iconkaybup3:
Kaybup3 Featured By Owner Jul 7, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
I'm totally Euro-Mediterranian!!!! But i'm Asian???
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:iconlui-ysia:
lui-ysia Featured By Owner Jun 25, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
"covered their nipples with gold" now THAT'S class!

(also, before realizing they could use already-made gold nipple covers, I imagined people dipping their nipples in molten gold... *shudder*)
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:icongudruna:
gudruna Featured By Owner Jun 10, 2014
brilliant
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Jun 11, 2014  Professional General Artist
:)
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:iconescuisi:
Escuisi Featured By Owner Mar 5, 2014  Student Digital Artist
I'm guessing this is very general, isn't it? Maybe it's the same with everyone, but in the euro mediterranean references spanish people are referred as "brown skinned, dark eyed and haired people" when that isn't that true. I live in the south (Gibraltar) and people are fair skinned (really, except for gypsys, that are common in Spain, people don't tend to have dark skin) and have light brown, dark brown and blonde hair and green, light brown or honey eyes. You rarely see someone with dark brown eyes or black hair. It is less rare to see someone blonde with blue eyes.

But i'm guessing it's very general and in that case the reference sheet would be extremely long.
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:icontenpastmidnight:
TenPastMidnight Featured By Owner Feb 15, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Brilliant tutorial! It helped me so much! :happybounce: 
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Feb 18, 2014  Professional General Artist
Great :)
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:icontsukalavire:
TsukaLavire Featured By Owner Jan 1, 2014
These are insanely interesting and really helpful, thank you so much for making these :clap:
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Jan 2, 2014  Professional General Artist
You're welcome!
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:iconj3llyb3llyh1ve:
j3llyb3llyh1ve Featured By Owner Dec 30, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Hey can you do one for Hispanic/Latino/South American?
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Dec 31, 2013  Professional General Artist
"Please read the chart's introduction carefully before asking any questions. IMPORTANT: Mixed types (such as Latinos) are not covered in these guides, SO DON'T ASK."
Reply
:iconj3llyb3llyh1ve:
j3llyb3llyh1ve Featured By Owner Dec 31, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Okay sorry.
Reply
:icondraco-digi:
Draco-Digi Featured By Owner Dec 29, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
I love these. I just came to find them after having not seen them since a few years ago haha I don't know why people get so butthurt though about general traits? It's as if they think everyone in the world evolved exactly the same or something. I'm not hugely knowledgeable about genetics (though it was my favourite part of biology) but it's not hard to guess that different traits developed in some part to suit the way and how people lived...right? Haha I don't know, but I think these are extremely useful. I'll probably buy the book if it's still around as a general reference.

In my case, I can definitely see myself in here. I'm mostly English with a teensy bit of German and I can definitely say that the high cheekbones are the most prominent part of my dad's side of the family right up to his fully German grandmother :)
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:iconanacecilia22:
anacecilia22 Featured By Owner Dec 28, 2013  Student Writer
which ones are the jewish people?
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Dec 28, 2013  Professional General Artist
Judaism is a religion.
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:iconanacecilia22:
anacecilia22 Featured By Owner Dec 28, 2013  Student Writer
i know, but it's also an ethnicity if i'm not mistaken. they're semites, right?
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:iconchaosmiles07:
ChaosMiles07 Featured By Owner Dec 30, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Semitic ancestry is too broad a range, since that pretty much covers about 60% of the Earth's population. Hebraic is more specific, and covers more of what less-informed people would call the ""Jewish" ethnicity".
(BTW, not incorrect, because I am Hebrew but not Jewish.)
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:iconaeovis:
Aeovis Featured By Owner Jan 2, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
I think they might be specifically looking for Israeli? I wandered to this thread of comments looking to see if someone asked the same before bothering you with it.

If you have an answer, I'd love to hear, but you really don't have to. These are amazing tutorials, and I'm sorry you wind up with such a flood of questions[Especially the ones that don't notice where you put the Spanish and Central Amarinds].

Thanks for making something so incredibly useful, and for putting up with all of us.
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:iconanacecilia22:
anacecilia22 Featured By Owner Jan 1, 2014  Student Writer
Right, that's what I meant. Hebrew. I was wondering in which type or subtype they fit in
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Dec 28, 2013  Professional General Artist
No, only some of them are. Ethnicities range from Russian to Ethiopian Jews, via Arabs and Scots and so on. I'm afraid that urban legend is a piece of medieval anti-Jewish and later Nazi propaganda that dies hard.
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:icondarkchaosempress:
darkchaosempress Featured By Owner Dec 22, 2013  Student Traditional Artist
Iv been rly struggling to consistently draw a Spanish oc,this helps lots!
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Dec 22, 2013  Professional General Artist
Great :D
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:iconmikasaga:
mikasaga Featured By Owner Dec 15, 2013
Ireland is NOT a part of the British Isles. 
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:iconaeovis:
Aeovis Featured By Owner Jan 2, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_…

They're talking about the geographical location, not the nation that is the United Kingdom.

What territories apply under the term are more clearly illustrated here: projectbritain.com/britain/bri…
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:iconmikasaga:
mikasaga Featured By Owner Jan 3, 2014
"There is disagreement over the applicability of the term British Isles with relation to Ireland. The term is defined in dictionaries as referring to Great Britain, Ireland and adjacent islands. However, the association between the word "British" and the United Kingdom<font> </font>causes use of the term to be regarded as implying appropriation or overlordship of Ireland by Britain."
The geographical location does not matter, the point I made is that the Republic of Ireland should not be referred to as part of the British 'anything' is any way. 
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:iconaeovis:
Aeovis Featured By Owner Jan 8, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
That is understandable. Honestly, I more meant that that SPECIFIC geographical location is what they were referring to, but you are right that a different name for it would be more appropriate. However, it is not Majnouna's fault that "British Isles" is the current and most likely to be understood term for it at the moment.

A better name would be nice, though.
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:icondraco-digi:
Draco-Digi Featured By Owner Dec 29, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
The South is just not the North.
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:iconmikasaga:
mikasaga Featured By Owner Jan 3, 2014
No, the North is part of the United Kingdom, the south had nothing to do with and no relation to Britain anymore. That was why my ancestors fought the War of Independence. 
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