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Guide to Human Types part 2 by Majnouna Guide to Human Types part 2 by Majnouna
Get all of my human anatomy tutorials in one convenient book or e-book!
Part 1: [link]
Part 3: [link]
Catalogue of human features: [link]
Full tutorial list: [link]


Please read the chart's introduction carefully before asking any questions. IMPORTANT: Mixed types (such as Latinos) are not covered in these guides, SO DON'T ASK. The book version DOES include a discussion of the major mixed types, just to help you get on the right track. The book also has North Chinese as an extra type, and quite a few correction and extra details.

Sorry but I no longer take corrections on these tutorials so please don't bother. I can't accept any correction without cross-checking it with reliable sources, and as this was made in 2006, I no longer have the time or incentive to do that.


SOURCES:
I get frequently asked for the sources I used to gather this research. The nature of the internet is such that every time I have looked up my sources list since I made this guide, 7+ years ago, some of them have disappeared from the 'net, until the list was reduced to a single still functioning link. So I had better explain how it came together. Obviously, there is no one book presenting all this info, or I wouldn't have had to make the guide in the first place. The research was based on hundreds of small sources both off and online (in some cases from direct observation and asking tribespeople how they could tell other tribes apart), most focusing on just one type, or the difference between two types, or even just the beauty standards in one culture or the average height of the inhabitants of a country in the past decade, making it quite useless to list them. Some books I found online, such as The Racial Elements of European History (Hans F. K. Gūnther) and The Races of Europe (Carleton Stevens Coon) provided a framework for more in-depth research and cross-checking, and there was a specialized anthropological forum, DODONA: Human Biodiversity Discussion Forum, now defunct, that contained treasures of articles and photos, as well as frightfully knowledgeable people to whom I could ask direct questions. Sorry therefore that I can't provide a bibliography; the last remaining link of my list that is still active is this one: [link] .
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Given 2007-03-25
Guide to Human Types part 2 by `Cedarseed is a fantastic reference guide for any serious artist who wishes to refine their craft! Print this one off and hang it by your drawing table! ( Featured by lolly )
:iconredqueenhypo:
RedQueenHypo Featured By Owner Jan 24, 2016
this is so fucking useful I literally have one of your guides always open on my computer thank you for making these
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Jan 24, 2016  Professional General Artist
:XD: :thumbsup:
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:icongoodygoody-shadow:
goodygoody-shadow Featured By Owner Jan 5, 2016  Hobbyist Writer
I generally like your artwork, but I can't help feeling that this series has some strange connotations. I don't think it's your fault, but rather the fault of the so-called "anthropological" forum and texts you used as source material. Anthropology is an extremely ticklish subject, since I would say good 75% of all anthropological literature has been muddied by euro-centric racism, social darwinism and colonialist racism with a few photos here and there. Most popular racist ideas of faux-anthropologists usually involve the belittling of certain women with regards to their curves (e.g., the claim that some African tribes have severely deformed women, or the idiotic idea that Russian women have or admire cylindrical legs) and men with regards to their height (e.g., men from some slavic or Mesoamerican tribes aren't nearly as tall as Germans!) -- meanwhile, German and other "Aryan" races feature beautiful blonde, blue-eyed men and women, tall, voluptuous and slender of build. Please. From my own observations of merely traveling and living in different countries, I observed that Finnish people are generally stout; Russian (and most other Baltic) men and women are extremely tall and slender; and Germans are also quite stout.
In reality, anthropology as such is a hoax, because every human being is an individual. There are cultural similarities due to geographical and culinary features: for instance, people who live in the mountains tend to be shorter and live longer than people who live in fields or valleys. A tribe that traditionally eats spicy food will obviously look different than a tribe that eats mostly soy products or many meat products or very mild food. Alcohol consumption and STD's also influence the appearance of future generations (since alcohol unbalances the hormones, and this imbalance can be inherited; and STDs, especially visible ones like Syphilis, leave their mark on generations to come).
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:iconsnowleopard84:
My dad's side was Polish (my last name is Polish, after all) and Brits, my mom's was Irish, but looking at this, I think I'm definitely more the Polish side, I really fit the slavic description in both face and nose shape, hair, and eye color! This is really interesting! And useful... Nice job!
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Dec 26, 2015  Professional General Artist
Cheers :D
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:iconsnowleopard84:
SnowLeopard84 Featured By Owner 6 days ago
C;
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:icongitte2001:
Gitte2001 Featured By Owner Sep 12, 2015  Hobbyist Artist
I'm 'Nordic' if I see this, Belgian to be exact, but I look more like a British-Islander XD And I think it's right, because my country is very mixed due to the amount of wars here long ago.
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:iconsalamander7734:
Salamander7734 Featured By Owner Edited Nov 2, 2015  Hobbyist Writer
That's because British-Islander should probably say Celtic, and Nordic should probably say Germanic but then again people think of that as having Nazi connotations as a word. Due to the migration era, Belgium, the Netherlands, Northern France and England are mixed Germanic/Celtic. Which is why English have fairer hair than other British-Islanders, as noted on the chart.

Pretty much you're more Belgae than Frisian. Frisians being the Germanic tribe which moved into Belgium, and Belgae the celtic one which is native to the area.

Just surprise a history lesson!
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:icondoctorwii:
DoctorWii Featured By Owner Aug 16, 2015  Student Digital Artist
Denmark is a nordic country too u kno :/
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:iconghadahijazi:
GhadaHijazi Featured By Owner Jul 6, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
I think its wrong that you limited the levant of lebanon only. Most of people in the levant look a like like Syrians, Palestinians,Jordan. It used to be one place and these names came only after the British and French colonisim and Sykes Pico.
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Jul 6, 2015  Professional General Artist
I did not. My anthropological sources did.
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:iconghadahijazi:
GhadaHijazi Featured By Owner Jul 7, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
Thanks for replying, so, the people of Palestine, Jordan, Syria belong to what Category?
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Jul 7, 2015  Professional General Artist
Work it out from the chart. All the info is there for intelligent people to derive the appropriate blends of populations. This work is too old for me to remember offhand or have any interest in discussion around it.
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:icongitte2001:
Gitte2001 Featured By Owner Jun 28, 2015  Hobbyist Artist
Amazing!
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:icononholyservicebound:
OnHolyServiceBound Featured By Owner Jun 2, 2015
The artistic ideal was not based on the average Caucasian proportions, that's a hilarious assertion if you live in the real world and see real people. The idealized standards of classic art are simply that, idealized. other wise every European would be a greek god with large muscles and a tiny baby dick. 
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Jun 2, 2015  Professional General Artist
What's hilarious is you putting words in people's mouths in order to be pedantic.
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:icononholyservicebound:
OnHolyServiceBound Featured By Owner Jun 2, 2015
Sorry, let me rephrase that for you: "The artistic ideal was based on this type"
No it wasn't.
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Jun 2, 2015  Professional General Artist
You still don't see the flaw in your "reasoning". You think "Caucasian type" means "average Caucasian". Look it up or move your soapbox, and don't waste my time.
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:icongirl66:
Girl66 Featured By Owner Apr 23, 2015
This is very interesting! Thank you very match!
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Apr 26, 2015  Professional General Artist
Welcome!
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:iconlmcneil5577:
Lmcneil5577 Featured By Owner Edited Mar 24, 2015
I'm a little confused. You mention that the Yemeni Arab is the historic, while Gulf Arab is the modern. But the Gulf Arab possesses African features. But it seems quite the opposite whenever I look it up. Yemeni Arabs seems darker with more African facial features (Known as "Proto-Arabid" by Humanphenotypes), while when I think of Arabs today, I think of Gulf Arabs from Saudi Arabia for example, and they have more Caucasian features. Was that a typo, or...
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Mar 24, 2015  Professional General Artist
Nope, no typo.
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:iconlmcneil5577:
Lmcneil5577 Featured By Owner Edited Mar 24, 2015
So this one of the Gulf Arab?

www.arabianoilandgas.com/pictu…

... Which is the modern one.

And this is the original?

joshuaproject.net/assets/media…

I see how the Gulf Arabs look more African now. But I wonder; why do they have lighter skin?
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:iconnicolebreadroll:
NicoleBreadroll Featured By Owner Jan 27, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
People are so beautiful.
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Jan 28, 2015  Professional General Artist
YES!! Exactly :)
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:iconnicolebreadroll:
NicoleBreadroll Featured By Owner Feb 1, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
If more people knew the intricacies of the body types of different cultures, maybe there would be less self-loathing and segregation. If only...
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Feb 2, 2015  Professional General Artist
Yes quite, pity this kind of stuff is taboo in places where they need it the most.
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:iconblacknightinggale:
BlackNightingGale Featured By Owner Dec 8, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
I'm curious if there was no inclusion of body/facial types of the different Jewish background (such as Ashkenazi or Sefardic). I might just be missing it. Or do you recall at all if there wasn't really any one type of body/facial type that seemed predominant for us? I'm more curious than anything else. This is very in-depth work, very cool. (I also did not know for the longest time that Lapps were related to Saami at all. My grandpa was allowed to live with the Lapps, my folks told me. Learn something new every day!)
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Dec 11, 2014  Professional General Artist
It's best to look at the closest related ethnotype, for instance, as far as I know, Sephardic Jews (if the term is taken ethnically) are not physically distinct from the Iberian or North African populations they originate from. I'm wary of classifying (or appearing to classify) religious groups as ethnic groups, especially because the only sources I found that did so, did for the worst possible reasons.
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:iconblacknightinggale:
BlackNightingGale Featured By Owner Dec 16, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
I can understand that from an anatomy stance, I suppose. Although I feel the need to point out that Jewish people are not just a religion, we're also an ethnic group and have been one for a long, long time. (To the point where we have our own genes that increase our risk for specific diseases that almost nobody outside of our group has. My dad had to get tested, actually.) However, with Jewish people being nomadic, I imagine that would make it more complicated.

I was more curious because I personally am half Ashkenazi Jewish, 3/8 Swedish, and 1/8 Finn. (Or is it Finnish? I always said it wrong as a kid.) I have pale skin, freckles, and dark hair, so people often assume I'm Irish because my first name is of Irish origin. However, I mentioned that once to a work friend who had lived around the world growing up and she immediately insisted I didn't look remotely Irish; she maintained that I had distinctly Eastern European facial features. (I pointed out that most people aren't as good at noticing that, apparently.) So I was wondering because of that sort of thing, was all.
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:iconx-dragonsoul-x:
x-DragonSoul-x Featured By Owner Nov 28, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
These guides are amazing! Better than any guide I could have asked for: I mean, you even have it down to the likely areas of body hair by ethnic type, where else in the world would I find that!? I commend the mountains of research you must have put into this. As a student of anthropology I am highly attuned to the broad range of forms human beings can take, not all of which are accurately represented in modern artwork. This will be exceedingly helpful when I design characters for my comics. I am most interested in doing multi-ethnic stories, so I can't thank you enough for your wonderful guides! Keep up the fantastic work! 
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:iconwrenofthecookes:
WrenoftheCookes Featured By Owner Oct 10, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Quick question, because I didn't see it on the guide--does anyone know which of these a Dane would fall under? Is Denmark in Scandinavia?
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Oct 11, 2014  Professional General Artist
Yes.
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:iconwrenofthecookes:
WrenoftheCookes Featured By Owner Oct 14, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Thank you so much!
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:iconwrenofthecookes:
WrenoftheCookes Featured By Owner Sep 10, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
this is pretty d*mn amazing.
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Jan 16, 2015  Professional General Artist
:D
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:icondisgruntledrainbow:
DisgruntledRainbow Featured By Owner Aug 25, 2014   Filmographer
why is egyptian separate from the africa group????
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:iconlmcneil5577:
Lmcneil5577 Featured By Owner Mar 24, 2015
The "Egyptian" type is referring to Northern Egyptians. Which were basically of Semitic ancestry. The Southern Egyptian is considered a part of the "African" group. Because they were mostly either Sudanid or Nilotic. Whichever one, they were mixed with an African type. Greek scholars would refer to Upper Egypt (Southern Egypt) as "Aethiopia" (Land of the Black Face), while Lower Egypt was not considered a part of that. And apparently Coptics are the best representative of how Northern Egyptians looked. That's why they aren't in the "African" group. In this guide, is appears "African, Asian, and Caucasian" are just used as placeholders for the historical terms "Negroid, Mongoloid, and Caucasoid", which have fallen out of technical use (For good reason in my opinion).
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:icondisgruntledrainbow:
DisgruntledRainbow Featured By Owner Apr 16, 2015   Filmographer
egypt is in africa. every other country belonged with its continent. i'm pointing it out because westerners have a fondness of grouping egypt separately from the rest of africa, as if the country stands alone.
and sorry but your explanation doesn't cut it for me. obviously the sketches are generalized in the first place, but you should acknowledge the separatism that occurs so often with egypt, as if to say that egyptians were not actually african. like what??? if it's based off of something ancient, semitic or not, they were AFRICAN. so swerve
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:iconlmcneil5577:
Lmcneil5577 Featured By Owner Apr 19, 2015
They are indeed African. But once again, this person is just using the terms "African", "Caucasian", and "Asian" as placeholder terms for "Caucasoid", "Negroid", and "Mongoloid." Native Americans certainly aren't Asian, but this guide also puts them in that ground. The same with Oceanians being far from Africans, but still being classified under this group.
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:iconkaybup3:
Kaybup3 Featured By Owner Jul 7, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
I'm totally Euro-Mediterranian!!!! But i'm Asian???
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:iconlui-ysia:
lui-ysia Featured By Owner Jun 25, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
"covered their nipples with gold" now THAT'S class!

(also, before realizing they could use already-made gold nipple covers, I imagined people dipping their nipples in molten gold... *shudder*)
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:icongudruna:
gudruna Featured By Owner Jun 10, 2014
brilliant
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Jun 11, 2014  Professional General Artist
:)
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:iconescuisi:
Escuisi Featured By Owner Mar 5, 2014  Student Digital Artist
I'm guessing this is very general, isn't it? Maybe it's the same with everyone, but in the euro mediterranean references spanish people are referred as "brown skinned, dark eyed and haired people" when that isn't that true. I live in the south (Gibraltar) and people are fair skinned (really, except for gypsys, that are common in Spain, people don't tend to have dark skin) and have light brown, dark brown and blonde hair and green, light brown or honey eyes. You rarely see someone with dark brown eyes or black hair. It is less rare to see someone blonde with blue eyes.

But i'm guessing it's very general and in that case the reference sheet would be extremely long.
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:icontenpastmidnight:
TenPastMidnight Featured By Owner Feb 15, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Brilliant tutorial! It helped me so much! :happybounce: 
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:iconmajnouna:
Majnouna Featured By Owner Feb 18, 2014  Professional General Artist
Great :)
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:icontsukalavire:
TsukaLavire Featured By Owner Jan 1, 2014
These are insanely interesting and really helpful, thank you so much for making these :clap:
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